Conditional Sentences
22 Aralık 2010 Çarşamba 12:14   Fatih Can Aba
 
CONDITIONAL SENTENCES First Conditional We employ the first conditional to talk about something which is likely to happen in the future. The if subordinate clause has got a present simple verb and the main clause a future simple or present simple verb. Second Conditional We use the second conditional to express hypothesis in the present, to give advices  or to talk about a future event that is unlikely to happen. The if subordinate clause has got a past simple verb and the main clause a simple conditional verb(would-could). Third Conditional We use the third conditional to talk about something in the past that did not happen. The if subordinate clause introduces a past perfect verb and the main clause a pefect conditional verb. If you heat water to 100 ºC, it boils. If I eat too many donuts, I get sick. If I see Milhouse at school, I’ll give him your pencils. If Homer changed his job, he would be happier. If I were you, I would study  more at school. If my brother had worked harder, he would have passed the exams. TAKE NOTE When the conditional clause comes first, it is followed by a comma. When it comes second, there is no comma.

First Conditional

1 If you ____ an apple every day, you'll be very healthy. a)  ate             b) will eat                    c)eats               d) eat 2 If we don't protect the elephant, it ____ extinct. a)   becomes     b)  will become           c)  become       d)  became 3 She ____ completely different if she cuts her hair. a) looks           b) looked                     c) will look       d) look 4 You'll pay higher insurance if you ____ a sports car. a)  buys           b)  will buy                  c) buy              d)  a and b 5 You ____ better if you turn on the lamp. a)  are able to see        b)  could see    c)  will be able to see   d)  see 6 You ____ heart disease if you eat too much meat. a)  get             b) would get                c) will get                     d)  are 7 You won't pass the course if you ____ . a) don't study             b) won't study                         c)  studies                    d) study 8  If a deer ____ into your garden, it ____ all your plants. a) gets... will eat                      b) will get... eats                      c)  eat… eat                 d)  won’t get… eats 9 If I ____ some eggs, how many ____ ? a) cooks…won’t you eats         b) cook... will you eat              c) will cook... do you eat d) cooked… will you eat 10. If I ____ money, I ______ to the cinema a) has… won’t go                     b) have… will go                      c) have…go                  d) don’t have….go 11-If you  _____ me 100pounds , I _____ you next month. a)lent / would have paid          b) lend / repaid                       c)lend /will repay         d)lent / repay 12- If you  ____  the colours blue and red,you  ____   purple. a- mix / got                                        b-  mixed / got                                    c-get / mix                               d-  mix / get 13-If you ______ too much, you ____ ill. a-   eat / will be                         b- eat / are                              c- ate / are                   d- will eat / were 14-If we ______ the bus,we    ____  shopping. a-   miss / won’t go                   b- miss / shouldn’t go              c- don’t miss/won’t go d- miss / wouldn’t go 15-You  ____ here ,if you ____ _. a-   may wait / like                   b- can’t wait / liked                 c- couldn’t wait / like   d- may wait / don’t like 16- I ____ a bike for you if you      _____ your exams. a- buy / will pass                     b- don’t buy / won’t pass         c-will buy / won’t pass   d-will buy / pass 17-Unless he ______ very hard, he ____successful. a- worked / won’t be              b- works / will not be              c- works/wouldn’t  be  d- works / would be 18-Air pollution ____ worse in our cities  if we ____ cars. a-gets / had more                   b-get / have more                   c- will get/have more  d-will get / didn’t have 19-The Police ____ him if  they _____ him. a-will arrest / catch                  b-will arrest/won’t catch          c- arrest / will catch     d-arrests /will catch 20-If we _____ ice, it ____ into water. a-heat / turned                                   b-heat / turns                          c- will heat / turn         d-don’t heat / turns 21-If you _______  him, ___ him to ring  me. a-see / tell                               b-saw / tell                              c- see / told                  d-will see / told EXERCISES A Type I -  Complete the text below using the words in parentheses. 1. I will go to the cinema if I …………… (have) time. 2. I'll be happy if you……………  (come) with me. 3. Dora will make roast beef if you …………… (buy) some meat. 4. We'll be late if you …………… (hurry). 5. If I see Peter, I …………… (give)him the book. 6. We……………  (go) fishing if the weather isn't good. 7. She will write a letter if you……………  (give) her a pen. 8. I would buy a new bicycle if I……………  (have) money. 9. If I were you, I …………… (stay) up so late. 10. Aunt Lucy …………… (help) you if you asked her. Type II – Complete the text below using the words in parentheses. 1. If Veronica .................... (speak) Japanese, she ...................... (live) in Tokyo. 2. If Giuseppe .................... (not have) a cat, he ..................... (buy) a dog. 3. Valeria ....................... (live) in Monaco if she ........................ (be) rich. 4. If Giovanna ....................... (see) a ghost, she ........................ (scream)! 5. If Alessandra and Roberto ................. (be) in London tonight, they ........................ (go) to the theatre. 6. If Alessandra .............................. (not smoke), she ........................ (be) healthier. 7. If Claudia .................... (meet) George Clooney, she ........................... (kiss) him! 8. What  ....................... you ........... (do) if you .................... (find) a wallet full of money? Type III - Complete the text below using the words in parentheses. 1. If your conditions are competitive, we (place) ………………..an order. 2. If I had more time, I (do) ………………..a course in business English. 3. If we had known more about their culture, negotiating (be) ………………..easier. 4. If you (customize) ………………..your CV, your chances of getting a job will be better. 5. We (cancel) ………………..our order if you don't deliver the goods by Friday. 6. If Brittany (speak) ………………..better English, she would apply for a job abroad. 7. If you (tell) ………………..me about the problem, I would have helped you. 8. I (let) ………………..you know if I weren't satisfied. 9. If you execute the order carelessly, they (place / not) ………..another order with you in the future. 10. If I were you, I (worry / not) ……………..about the presentation. EXERCISES B I. Complete the text below using the words in parentheses. 1 If I hear a thief I (catch) him. 2 He would go to the cinema if he (have) more time. 3 I (phone) her if I knew her number. 4 If they were rich they (stay) at a hotel. 5 I would have been glad if he (visit) me in hospital. 6 I would pass the exam if I (learn) harder. 7 If she explains him the situation he (understand) it. 8 If we had gone to London we (see) the Tower. 9 I will have to invite Bob if I (invite) Linda. 10 If I didn't visit him he (be) angry. 11 If he had offered me the job I (take) it. 12 If it (stop) raining we will play tennis. 13 If I (have) some money I will buy a knew car. 14 If he offers me a job I (take) it. II . Put the correct form of each verb in brackets. 1. We __________  (die) if we__________  (not get) help soon! 2. If you __________  (look) in the fridge, you__________  (find) some cold drinks. 3. If there__________  (be) no oil in the engine, the car__________  (break) down. 5. I__________  (lend) you my umbrella if you__________  (need) it. 6. The sea level_______  (rise) if the planet__________  (get) hotter. 7. If you __________  (eat) your sandwiches now, you__________  (have) anything for lunch! 8. You __________  (be) safe in an accident if you__________  (wear) your seatbelt. 9. If he__________  (save) all his money, he__________  (be able to go) on holiday to Canada. 10. I __________  (not come) with you if you__________  (not bring) John! 11.  If the plane__________  (arrive) late, we__________  (miss) our connecting flight. 12.  I__________  (teach) you some English, if you__________  (teach) me a bit of French. 13.  Mary__________   (not forgive) Jack, if he__________  (forget) their wedding anniversary again. 14.  If you__________  (wash up), I__________  (dry) the dishes. 15  You__________  (not wear) a tie, they__________  (not let) you in to the restaurant III. Choose the correct answer 1. If I ………………..you, I would apologize to her right away.      a. was              b. were                        c. have been 2. If I run into her, I ………………..her that you're looking for her. a. would tell   b. tell                           c. will tell 3. If you ………………..that again, I will call the police.                 a. to do                        b. do                            c. will do 4. He would never have asked her  to date if she ….him first.             a. hadn’t kiss    b. didn’t kiss                 c. will not kiss 5. If you were her, what ………………..?                                       a. would you do b. did you do             c. do you do 6. If she hadn't gone to England, she ……..Orlando      a. wouldn’t meet         b. didn’t meet  c. wouldn’t have met 7. If it doesn't start snowing, we ………..this evening.     a. won’t go skiing        b. wouldn’t go skiing   c. don’t go skiing 8. If you had saved some money earlier, you ……..broke right now. a. wouldn’t have been    b. Won’t be      c. aren’t 9. If I ………………..in your shoes, I would complain about his behaviour.           a. am               b. will be                      c. were 10. If you buy one t-shirt, you ………………..the second one free. a. will have gotten       b. would get                c. Get 11. You can stay with me when you come to London, if you .. a. want                                    b. would want             c. wanted 14. If we ………………..hurry, we'll be late again!                                     a. won’t           b. don’t                                    c. didn’t 12. Where would you like to be if you ……..choose anywhere in the world?a. should    b. might                      c. could 13. Tomorrow, if the weather ………..fine, we can go for a bike ride in the woods.        a. is      b. were            c. will be 15. If I …….at the airport so late, I would not have missed my flight. a. didn’t arrive    b. hadn’t arrived  c. wouldn’t arrive IV. Complete the sentences. 1. If I were you,……………………………………………………………………… 3. I will phone him,……………………………………………………………… 5. She would have missed the train,…………………………………………………………….. 6. What would you do,…………………………………………………………………………………… 7. If you stopped drinking, ,…………………………………………………………………………….




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Thx

Kadir ABA     21 Ocak 2011 Cuma 09:51    
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Great site. A lot of useful information here. I’m sending it to some friends!

federal grants     21 Ocak 2011 Cuma 01:51    
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